The video production process is divided into pre-production, production, and post-production. Among these, audio work takes place during the production stage, including location recording, while post-production involves tasks such as Foley and additional dialogue recording (ADR). The studios where these post-production tasks are carried out are referred to as post-production studios.
Post-production, in the context of filmmaking, refers to the phase where recorded audio materials are edited, mixed, sound designed, and enhanced to create the final audio tracks. During this stage, audio directors, sound designers, mixing engineers, and other professionals collaborate to provide appropriate audio environments and effects for the film.
The first step in post-production is audio editing, where various recorded audio tracks are edited to control the temporal and spatial flow and select the necessary parts. Dialogues, background music, sound effects, and other tracks are edited to create smooth transitions between scenes or emphasize specific elements.
Next, in the sound design phase, special audio effects required for the film are created. During this stage, sounds that were not recorded during filming or imaginary sounds are generated to enhance the film's atmosphere or scenes. For example, adding explosions, airplane noises, hallucinatory sounds, or combining intricate sound effects to augment the film's realism.
Foley 아티스트(풀리스트)는 소리를 만들기 위해 다양한 소재와 도구를 사용합니다. 예를 들어, 신발로 걷는 소리를 만들기 위해 다른 종류의 신발을 착용하거나 다양한 지면 재질을 사용합니다. 사물이 부딪히는 소리는 다른 사물을 부딪치거나 실제 물체를 사용하여 만들어집니다. 이러한 소리 효과를 위해 풀리스트는 몸을 움직이거나 도구를 사용하여 소리를 생성합니다.